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The burning of fossil fuels is the main cause of climate change.

The UK Government Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS, 2019) reports that on average each resident of the Harrogate District emits 6.9 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year, which is higher than the UK average of 5.3 tonnes.

Nearly half of CO2 emissions in Harrogate District are from transport, mostly cars and lorries. Commercial and domestic energy use from heating, manufacturing and lighting are also significant factors (BEIS, 2019).

The Place Based Climate Action Network (PCAN, 2020) calculated that in order to reach net zero the Harrogate District had a remaining carbon budget of 6.3 MtCO2 from 2020. The Harrogate District currently emits approximately 1.1 MtCO2. In a business as usual scenario the District will exceed its carbon emissions budget within less than ten years.

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